What is a solar inverter and how is it used?

Being a sustainable and eco-friendly source of electricity, solar power has been increasing in popularity. While solar panels are frequently recognized as the main component of solar power systems, many people might be unaware that solar inverters play an equally crucial role in turning solar energy into usable electricity.

There are two main types of solar inverters:

String inverters and microinverters. String inverters are typically installed in larger solar power systems, where multiple solar panels are connected in a series, known as a string. A single string inverter is used to convert the DC power from the entire string into AC power. In contrast, microinverters are installed directly behind each solar panel, and each panel has its own inverter, which allows for more flexibility and efficiency in the system.

Understanding Solar Inverters

A solar inverter converts the direct current (DC) generated by solar panels into alternating current (AC), which can be used to power buildings, companies, and other electrical equipment. String inverters, central inverters, microinverters, and power optimizers are a few of the several types of solar inverters.

A transformer, a DC input, and an AC output are the three primary components of a solar inverter. Solar-generated electricity enters the DC input where it is converted into AC energy that can be used by the grid or stored in batteries.

The size of the solar power system, the required level of efficiency, and the type of solar panel are just a few factors that must be taken into consideration when selecting the best solar inverter. The majority of large systems employ string inverters, whereas more intricate, smaller systems use microinverters. Another kind of inverter called a power optimizer ensures that each solar panel is producing the most amount of power possible, which can assist increase a system’s efficiency.

Lastly, there is evidence that solar inverters are environmentally friendly.

How Solar Inverters Work

A solar power system requires the conversion of DC power into AC power in order to function. The majority of household appliances and other electrical devices require AC current, hence DC electricity produced by solar panels cannot be used by these items. In order to power buildings, commercial establishments, and other electrical appliances, the solar inverter transforms DC electricity into AC electricity.

The solar inverter plays a crucial role in the system since it regulates the amount of electricity that is sent from the solar panels to the grid or battery storage system. The solar inverter converts DC power to AC power while also guaranteeing that the output electrical is steady and has the right voltage and frequency. For the solar power system to operate and be as efficient as possible, the solar inverter must be installed and maintained properly.

Benefits of Solar Inverters

Inverters for solar energy systems have a number of advantages. The first is that solar inverters can greatly increase energy efficiency. Solar inverters enable solar energy to be used to power homes and businesses without relying on conventional energy sources by turning DC electricity into AC electricity.

In addition, solar inverters can boost cost savings. People and organizations can rely less on traditional energy sources, which can be expensive and prone to price swings, by switching to solar power. Additionally, surplus energy from solar power systems with solar inverters can be generated and sold back to the electrical grid, lowering energy prices even more.

Lastly, there is evidence that solar inverters are environmentally friendly. Solar power systems with solar inverters can lower greenhouse gas emissions and assist in combating climate change by lowering dependency on conventional energy sources.

Common Applications of Solar Inverters

Systems ranging from tiny residential systems to substantial utility projects use solar inverters. In household solar power systems, string inverters or microinverters are frequently utilized because they are smaller and less expensive than central inverters. Due to their large-scale design and ability to handle more solar panels, central inverters are frequently utilized in commercial solar power systems.

Power optimizers or microinverters, which enable better energy management and optimization, are frequently employed in large-scale solar power systems, which are utilized to provide electricity for huge populations.

Choosing the Right Solar Inverter

When selecting a solar inverter, there are several factors to consider. Firstly, the size and capacity of the solar inverter must be appropriate for the size of the solar power system. Additionally, the quality and reliability of the solar inverter brand are important considerations, as solar inverters are a long-term investment in a solar power system.

Efficiency is another aspect to take into account when choosing a solar inverter. How well a solar inverter converts DC power produced by solar panels into usable AC power is referred to as its efficiency. More total system efficiency, which translates to larger energy savings and a quicker return on investment, can be achieved with a higher-efficiency inverter. The type of inverter is also vital to consider, as there are many types available for different system setups and purposes. The solar inverter must also be compatible with the solar panels being utilized because not all inverters are compatible with all solar panel types. Therefore, choosing the best solar inverter is an important choice that can affect the effectiveness, longevity, and performance of a solar power system.

Planning the Installation

Assessing Electrical Requirements:

Analyzing your power needs is essential before installing a solar inverter. Choose an inverter that can handle the load after determining your home or business’s power requirements. When determining your electricity needs, it’s important to consider things like peak power use, the amount of appliances you have, and the times when usage is at its highest.

Choosing the Right Location:

Your solar inverter’s placement is very important. It ought to be set up in a place that’s cold, dry, and shaded. In order to save wiring runs, the optimal site should be close to the main electrical panel. It should also be simple to reach for future maintenance. Avoiding intense sunshine, excessive humidity, and extreme temperatures is crucial when selecting the area.

Assessing Local Building Codes and Regulations:

It’s crucial to review the local construction codes and regulations prior to installing a solar inverter. Knowing the guidelines is essential to ensuring that your installation complies with the law because they might vary from state to state and city to city.

Obtaining Necessary Permits:

To build a solar inverter, you must obtain approval from your local government. These licenses normally consist of a building license, a fire license, and an electrical license. Before starting the installation, it is crucial to secure these permits to avoid any legal issues.

Steps for Installing a Solar Inverter

Mounting the Inverter:

Installing a solar inverter starts with mounting it on a wall or other strong surface. Make sure the mounting site is reliable and strong enough to hold the inverter’s weight.

Installing the AC and DC Wiring:

After mounting the inverter, you may start putting in the AC and DC wiring. When installing the wiring, you should adhere to both local electrical codes and manufacturer instructions.

Grounding the Inverter:

A solar inverter must be installed and operated safely, which requires proper grounding. While grounding the inverter, you must adhere to local electrical regulations as well as manufacturer recommendations.

Get started with solar energy today

If you are looking to start your transition to solar energy, we are here to help. Our website also has a free online estimate tool that generates a personalized report for you from a simplified questionnaire. That report will contain the potential savings you can net, and the cost of a solar energy system installed on your property.


Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

See Your Estimated Price in 60 Seconds